BibleTruth.cc

"The God Who is There" Series

The Name of the Messiah

The Scriptures Reveal The Messiah's Name

Written by David M Rogers

www.BibleTruth.cc

Published: 2005

Updated: August 2014

Table of Contents

Deuteronomy 18:13-19 - The Prophet Like Mosheh

Yehoshua, Son of Nun

The Name Yehoshua

Zechariah 3:1-10 - Yehoshua the High Priest

Why is the Messiah's Name Rendered Jesus In Our Bibles?

Why is Jesus as the Name for the Messiah a Problem?

Messiah's Hebrew Birth Name - [vwhy

The Pronunciation of the Messiah's Name

Conclusion

 


The name Jesus is precious to hundreds of millions of Christians worldwide.  Through a series of circumstances, events and mistakes, the name of the Messiah of Holy Scriptures has been passed down to us as Jesus.  Sincere Christians worship the Savior by using that name, sing praises to that name and call upon that name Jesus for salvation and deliverance.  The common rendering of Philippians 2:10-11 underscores the reason for this love of the name Jesus:

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father (KJV).

It is right that sincere followers of the Messiah and our Savior should desire to call upon his name and praise his name and sing to his name.  But, we need to take a closer look to be sure we are worshipping our Master by the correct name, the name given to him at birth.

The words of the prophet Jeremiah remind us of the errors that have been delivered to us over the years, "surely our fathers have inherited lies" (16:19).  The true name of the Messiah has not been faithfully delivered to the English speaking world.  In fact, for many centuries, the name of the Messiah of Scripture has been mistakenly rendered Jesus and many have been deceived as to the real name of the One whom we all want to adore and worship.

What does the Bible reveal to us regarding the true name of the Messiah?  Although the popular English rendering is Jesus, we know that cannot actually be his name.  The name Jesus has only been around for a few hundred years.  But the biblical Messiah was Jewish and spoke Hebrew.  Jesus is not a Hebrew name.  Other cultures pronounce the Messiah's name in a way that is congruous with their own languages.  But our interest is in coming to know the name that was given at birth to the "child who was born to us."

So, what's in a name? Does it matter that the Messiah is called by so many different names?  You decide after you consider the following information....

Deuteronomy 18:13-19 - The Prophet Like Mosheh

The Hebrew Scriptures tell of the coming of the Messiah.  First introduced in Deuteronomy, the concept of a coming great Prophet is promised through Moses to Israel:

You must be blameless before Yahuwah your Elohim.  The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But as for you, Yahuwah your Elohim has not permitted you to do so.  Yahuwah your Elohim will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers.  You must listen to him.  For this is what you asked of Yahuwah your Elohim at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, "Let us not hear the voice of Yahuwah our Elohim nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die."

 Yahuwah said to me: "What they say is good.  I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.  If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.

While all the nations of the world use sorcery and divination to try to ascertain what the future may hold, Yahuwah does not permit this kind of inquiry to be made among his people.  The reason for this is that men tend to listen to the wrong voices and deceive the people with false prophecies and false hope.  So, Yahuwah has a better way.

Yahuwah promises to send a prophet to the people who gets his message directly from Elohim himself.  Thus, the people can be assured that they are getting the truth.  The prophet that hears the voice of Elohim and communicates the message to the people will bring warnings to the people when they are going astray and will lead the nation with decisions made by Yahuwah himself.

This promise has been understood in at least three ways.  First, the promise is for a man to fill in for Mosheh when he dies.  Just as Elohim directed his people by speaking directly to Mosheh, this man would speak with Elohim and get instruction from Yahuwah for the nation.  He would lead them and command them to walk in the way Yahuwah points.  Mosheh's aide, Yehoshua son of Nun, took Mosheh's place when Mosheh died.  The nation followed the lead of Yehoshua and did as he commanded.

Secondly, Yahuwah would send a prophet whenever Israel needed one.  There were many such prophets in the history of the nation.  Some of the well known ones included Samuel, Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Jeremiah and many others.  Their job was to tell Israel and Yehudah the message being communicated from Yahuwah.  And the people were instructed to obey everything these prophets told them to do.

And thirdly, a prophet even greater than all that preceded him was expected to arise is Israel.  Known also as the Messiah (Hebrew Maschiach, the Anointed One), this prophet was expected to rescue Israel from all their enemies and to lead them as their King in an Age of righteousness.  The prophets had much to say about this coming ruler who was to reign in Jerusalem and judge the nations with righteousness and truth. 

Yehoshua, Son of Nun

The Torah introduces Yehoshua, son of Nun, into the narrative early on in the story of the exodus and the wilderness wanderings.  As Israel faced the Amalekites in the desert, Yehoshua was their general.

Mosheh said to Yehoshua, "Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of Elohim in my hands."  So Yehoshua fought the Amalekites as Mosheh had ordered, and Mosheh, Aharon and Hur went to the top of the hill.  As long as Mosheh held up his hands, the sons of Yisrael were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning.  When Mosheh' hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aharon and Hur held his hands up-- one on one side, one on the other-- so that his hands remained steady till sunset.  So Yehoshua overcame the Amalekite army with the sword. (Exodus 17:9-13)

Later, Yehoshua was identified as the aide to Mosheh and went up to the mountain of Sinai with Mosheh:

Yahuwah said to Mosheh, "Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone, with the law and commands I have written for their instruction."  Then Mosheh set out with Yehoshua his aide, and Mosheh went up on the mountain of Elohim.  He said to the elders, "Wait here for us until we come back to you. Aharon and Hur are with you, and anyone involved in a dispute can go to them." (Exodus 24:12-14)

Yehoshua was the general of the fighting men for Israel, and was Mosheh's trusted friend and aide.  When Mosheh died, Yehoshua was named by Yahuwah as the one who would lead Israel as Mosheh had.

Yahuwah gave this command to Yehoshua son of Nun: "Be strong and courageous, for you will bring the sons of Yisrael into the land I promised them on oath, and I myself will be with you." (Deuteronomy 31:23)

As the one who succeeded Mosheh and led Israel into the promised land, Yehoshua fulfilled the prophesy of a prophet like Mosheh.  And as that one whom the prophesy spoke of, Yehoshua son of Nun prefigured the coming Messiah  He was a picture of the Messiah who would lead his people to victory over their enemies and usher them into the Promised Land.  Yehoshua also lead Israel as their judge since he had a uniquely direct line of communication with Yahuwah Elohim and so was in a position to command all Yisrael in the way they should go.

The Name Yehoshua

Since the son of Nun was an immediate fulfillment of the prophetic word given to Mosheh about his successor, and was also a shadow picture or preview of the coming Messiah, it would be insightful to consider the name given to the son of Nun.  There is strong conclusive evidence which we will consider momentarily that the Messiah born in Bethlehem shared the very same name as that of the son of Nun.

In the Hebrew the five letter name without the vowel points is [vwhy (YHWSG).  The Masoretic text adds in the vowel points which give it the pronunciation Yehoshua ( [;vuAhy> note that the "g" sound of the ayin is nearly silent and often presented as silent).  This name means Yahu delivers.

The name Yehoshua ( [;vuAhy) occurs with these vowel points 194 times in the Tanach.  The bulk of those occurs in the Book of Yehoshua.  This name is used of the son of Nun and also in Haggai and Zechariah 8 times of the High Priest, the son of Yehotsadak.  Twice in the Tanach the vowel waw is added to give it the form  [:WvAhy>, (also pronounced Yehoshua).  These two occurrences with the waw may have been scribal insertions based on how they commonly pronounced the name.  In addition, Yehoshua the High Priest is also called Yeshua ([:WvyE) in Ezra and Nehemiah a total of 19 times.

When the Hebrew Tanach was translated into Greek, the Greek name (word) used to render this name Yehoshua is Yaysous (Greek VIhsou/j ).  Again, VIhsou/j is used of the son of Nun and the High Priest in the time of Ezra and Nehemia.  This is significant because the Greek New Testament also uses the name VIhsou/j for the name of the Messiah.  And in Hebrews 4:8, the name VIhsou/j is used to refer to Joshua the son of Nun.

The clear conclusion of this word lookup is that Joshua son of Nun, Joshua the High Priest and "Jesus" the Messiah share the exact same name.  The Messiah's real, given, Hebrew name is [vwhy pronounced by the Hebrew speaking Rabbis as Yehoshua.

Zechariah 3:1-10 - Yehoshua the High Priest

The High Priest in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah is another important shadow picture of the Messiah.  The text of Scripture tells us plainly that Yehoshua and those seated before him are symbolic of things to come.  This is a clear indication that Yehoshua the High Priest is a foreshadow of the Messiah himself.

Then he showed me Yehoshua the high priest standing before the angel of Yahuwah, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him. Yahuwah said to Satan, "Yahuwah rebuke you, Satan! Yahuwah, who has chosen Yerushalayim, rebuke you! Is not this man a burning stick snatched from the fire?"  Now Yehoshua was dressed in filthy clothes as he stood before the angel.  The angel said to those who were standing before him, "Take off his filthy clothes." Then he said to Yehoshua, "See, I have taken away your sin, and I will put rich garments on you."  Then I said, "Put a clean turban on his head." So they put a clean turban on his head and clothed him, while the angel of Yahuwah stood by.

The angel of Yahuwah gave this charge to Yehoshua:  "This is what Yahuwah Almighty says: 'If you will walk in my ways and keep my requirements, then you will govern my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you a place among these standing here.  "'Listen, O high priest Yehoshua and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch.  See, the stone I have set in front of Yehoshua! There are seven eyes on that one stone, and I will engrave an inscription on it,' says Yahuwah Almighty, 'and I will remove the sin of this land in a single day.  "'In that day each of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and fig tree,' declares Yahuwah Almighty."

In this vision, Zechariah sees Yehoshua the High Priest standing before the Messenger of Yahuwah (whom we have identified as Yahuwah himself).  So Yehoshua and Satan are standing side by side before Yahuwah and Yahuwah rebukes Satan because Satan is there to accuse Yehoshua.  But Yahuwah defends Yehoshua as one who has been "snatched from the fire."

Then Yehoshua is told by Yahuwah that he and those with him are men who are symbolic of things to come.  Then Yah declares that he is going to bring his servant the Branch.  Now nearly all Biblical scholars, including the Rabbis understand the Branch to be the Messiah.  And a short description of the Messianic Age follows.

The significance of this all is that Yehoshua the High Priest is symbolic of the Branch, the Messiah.  Yehoshua is seen standing before the Messenger of Yahuwah, just as the Messiah will stand before Yahuwah and be vindicated.  And the very name of the High Priest is believed to indicate the name of the Messiah when he comes.

Why is the Messiah's Name Rendered Jesus In Our Bibles?

The revelation of the Messiah as put forth in the New Testament Christian Scriptures is centered upon one individual.  This man is presented as fulfilling many of the prophesies about the Messiah (though not yet all of them), who was the promised One of the Hebrew Scriptures, who was to come and bring salvation to the world and fulfill all the promises made to the patriarchs.  Most English Bibles use the name Jesus when transliterating the Greek rendering of the name used in the New Testament Scriptures for the Messiah.

 But there is a considerable problem with using this name to call upon and refer to the Messiah of the Bible.  At the heart of the problem with using the name Jesus as a reference to the Messiah is that the name Jesus wasn't and isn't his real name.  The historical Nazarene was a Hebrew.  He was Jewish, born of Jewish parents.  He and his parents and all Israel during those times spoke Hebrew as their primary language.  Therefore, he was given a Hebrew name.

But the name Jesus is not a Hebrew name.  There is no name even close to sounding like Jesus in Hebrew.  Therefore, it is easy to see that the name Jesus is not derived from the Hebrew language.  In fact, it is a name derived from the Greek language.

It is a common practice for foreigners coming over to the United States to substitute their own given name for a similar sounding English name.  This practice is most notable with Indians coming over to work in the U.S.  The Indians typically have very long names which English speaking people have great difficulty pronouncing.  So the Indians accommodate us by taking on a much shorter and more common English name in order to fit in more easily.  This is also true of people of many other nationalities.  It's much easier for everyone to be able to associate a common name with a person.

The name Jesus has come to us in this manner.  The Hebrew name given at birth to the Messiah was [vwhy(transliterated YHUShA and vocalized in the Masoretic text as Yehoshua).  The reason we know this is that the Messiah's name as given in the Greek New Testament is the same name as Joshua son of Nun, as indicated by the usage of this same Greek name in Hebrews 4:8.  The name for Joshua, when rendered into the Septuagint Greek text is VIhsou/j, the same name in the Greek New Testament which is rendered Jesus by our English Bibles.

So what happened was this:  Yehoshua, the given Hebrew name of the son of Nun and of the Messiah was rendered VIhsou/j (I-ay-sous) in the Greek text, because the closest Greek name substitute to the Hebrew Yehoshua was I-ay-sous.   From the Greek VIhsou/j the English Bible translators took the first Greek letter "I" and rendered it "J" (which was actually a normal thing to do in that day).  The "ay" sound got shortened to an "e" sound.  And the "sous" ending was shortened to "sus".  Putting it together, the Hebrew Yehoshua became in Greek "I-ay-sous" and then into English as "Jesus".  Thus, the Greek Iaysous got transliterated into the English name Jesus.

Why is Jesus as the Name for the Messiah a Problem?

The name Jesus came to us through a series of substitutions and transliterations.  But there should be some concern with using this name.  The root, derivation and meaning of the name Jesus should be startling - even distressing - to those who profess a genuine and sincere faith in the Master.  The angel told his mother Miriam that the name given to the baby was to be because he would "save his people from their sins" (see Matthew 1:21).  This is what the Hebrew name [vwhy means - "Yahu saves."  But the name Jesus certainly does not have this same meaning.

There are some who would trace the name Jesus to a pagan Greek origin.  There are several other Greek names which share a resemblance to the form (spelling) of this name.  Dionysus and Bacchus are well known pagan Greek deities which share the ending of the name Jesus.  This is our first clue.  Secondly, the Greek name used in the New Testament manuscripts is transliterated "I-ay-sous."   This "sous" ending on the Greek name attributed to the Messiah is identical in sound to Dionysous, who is also known in ancient literature as the "sin-bearing son of Zeus."  The name Dionysous may be fashioned after his father's name Zeus, the Greek super god and father of the pantheon.  For this reason, some language experts believe that the name Jesus actually originated from a form of the name of the pagan Greek god Zeus, and not from the Hebrew name referred to in Scripture.

Alexander Hislop, author of The Two Babylons, uncovers the Satanic counterfeiting of Dionysus, son of Zeus for the true son of Elohim, who takes away the sin of the world:

Now, this Babylonian god, known in Greece as "the sin-bearer," and in India as the "Victim-Man," among the Buddhists of the East, the original elements of whose system are clearly Babylonian, was commonly addressed as the "Savior of the world."  It has been all along well enough known that the Greeks occasionally worshiped the supreme god under the title of "Zeus the Savior."... When it is known that "Zeus the Savior" was only a title of Dionysus, the "sin-bearing Bacchus," his character, as "The Savior," appears in quite a different light (Chapter 2, The Deification of the Child, Section 2, Sub-Section 5).

The link Hislop has uncovered between the pagan savior and sin-bearer with the name attributed to the biblical Savior and sin-bearer, in light of the similarity in the names of each, suggests that the Greek name Iaysous and its corresponding English transliteration, Jesus, are directly related to and derived from the Greek god Zeus and his son Dionysous.

The "Iay" which forms the first part of the Greek Iaysous is possibly a reference to another Greek deity Iay - the goddess of healing.  The Greek name Iaysous, then, may be a combination of the names of these two Greek gods, Iay and Zeus.  This could roughly be translated as "Zeus is healer."  (Others suggest a different source word for "Iay" which would render the meaning of this name as "hail, Zeus" or "praise Zeus."  But the evidence of this is scant).

But what is rather clear is that [vwhy (Yehoshua) is the Messiah's Hebrew language name - the name that was given him at birth by his Hebrew speaking parents - the name that was given for him to his mother by the angel.  The name Yehoshua is the Hebrew name of the Old Testament man known as "Joshua."  This name means, "Yahu saves" or "Yahu helps."

We should not minimize the effect that the Greek language and culture, which was the mainstream language and culture of that day, had on the propagation of the message Messiah brought to his disciples.  As the faith in Messiah's atoning sacrifice was proclaimed and receiving in the pagan Greek world, it was natural that the Greek mind-set and culture would influence the way those converts expressed their faith.  In places where there wasn't a strong history and foundation of Torah study and understanding, the Greek mindset and culture would make inroads into the way converts would live their lives.  So, the Greek "equivalent" name Iaysous, because he (Dionysus) was also a "sin-bearing Son of God", would have been thought to be an acceptable and more palatable alternative to the Hebrew name Yehoshua for the believing Greek community.

In fact, what has really happened is as follows:  The early community of believers was influenced by a number of factors as outlined in Samuele Bacchiocchi's book, From Sabbath To Sunday, to change their form of worship from a strictly scriptural model based upon the teaching of Yehoshua and the Torah, to a radically different form of worship modeled after the pagan sun-god worship of Mithraism.  Just as Constantine changed the scriptural seventh-day Sabbath to first-day Sun worship, the scriptural holy days into the pagan holidays of Christmas and Easter, and the Torah based walk of faith into a de-Judaized anti-Torah lifestyle, even the very name of the Messiah was stripped of its Hebraic roots and source (Yahusha) and was paganized and Hellenized into the form which is fashioned after the name of their supreme deity Zeus (Sous) and his son, Dionyzeus (Dionysous).  And in its final form it became Iayzeus (Iaysous).  Then, unwitting English Bible translators transliterated the Greek Iayzeus (Iaysous) into Jesus.

I, for one, do not want to be addressing the set-apart Savior by the name which honors the pagan Greek god Zeus or anything similar to it.  I believe that no one else who shares this precious faith in the Creator would want to call Elohim by the name of any pagan god, either.  It is time for all true and genuine believers in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures and in the Messiah to cast behind them the lies that our fathers have inherited and passed on down to us.  It's time to repent of these wrong ways of worshipping our Creator and to return to the true understanding of our biblical fathers, Avraham, Yitzchak and Ya'acov.  Let's start calling upon the Savior of the world by his real name.  Let's address him by his true name - the name Yahusha.

Messiah's Hebrew Birth Name - [vwhy

To their credit, congregations of the Sacred Name Movement have desired to call upon the Messiah by his given Hebrew name.  They understand, correctly, that He was not given a Greek name (i.e. "Iaysous" or Jesus) at birth.  But, that in fact, he was given a Hebrew name which was well known and was in common usage at that time.

The birth account in the book of Mattityahu (Matthew) tells us that "he shall be called VIhsou/j for he shall save his people from their sins" (1:21).  The Greek manuscripts have the name VIhsou/j which is rendered Jesus in most modern English language Bible translations, even though in the original 1611 King James Version Bible the name Jesus never appears.  Instead they render the Greek name into the English Iesous.  But we know that his true name was not the Greek name VIhsou/j because he was a Hebrew Jew.  What then is his Hebrew name?  A little bit of analysis of the available data and a little bit of reason will lead us to the correct answer.

First of all, whatever his true Hebrew name is, it must have the meaning of the explanation given by the angel to his mother Miriam (Mary).  She was told, "for he shall save his people from their sins."  In the Hebrew language and culture, particularly in ancient times, names were given to children which related to the circumstances of their birth, or after a relative, or a name with some prophetic significance.  Thus, the meaning of the child's name has something to do with "saving his people from their sins."

Secondly, let it be noted that the Greek name VIhsou/j is used some 916 times in reference to the Messiah, is also used in the New Testament as a reference to the one we know as Joshua son of Nun.  In Hebrews 4:8 we are told that "if VIhsou/j had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after those things."  The context indicates that he is referring to Joshua son of Nun.  Of significance is that the name VIhsou/j was used here to render into Greek the Hebrew name for Joshua.  In fact, in the Septuagint, which is the Greek translation of the Hebrew Tanach, the name VIhsou/j is always used to translate Joshua's Hebrew name (a few of those times, there is a slight difference in the spelling of the name)

The Hebrew name of Joshua non of Nun is [;vuAhy> (pronounced Yehoshua) in the Masoretic rabbinic Hebrew text.  By unanimous consent, it is agreed that this name has the meaning of "Yahu saves" or "Yahu helps."  Thus, we have agreement in the evidence of the usage of VIhsou/j to translate the name of Joshua, and the meaning of the name of Joshua.  This evidence points to the irrefutable conclusion that the Hebrew name of the Messiah is the same as the Hebrew name of the man we call Joshua.

When the Messianic Movement began to attract Jews to the Messiah, the name "Yeshua" was adopted as the acceptable Hebrew name for the Messiah, rather than the offensive, Hellenistically derived Jesus.  (It is offensive to refer to the true Messiah using the name of a pagan deity.)  The word "Yeshua," in the Hebrew tongue, is the generic term usually translated "salvation."  Unfortunately, this is not the name given to the babe who was born in the succah in Bethlehem and placed in the animals' feeding trough (manger).

Sacred Name groups which sprang up out of the Messianic Movement, who were not concerned with the rabbinic traditions and restrictions which still handcuff the Messianic Jews, were more interested in ascertaining the actual name of the Messiah.  His name came to be rendered Yahshua, Yahushua, YaOwHuSHuA, YWHWSHUA, and by others.  Each of these representations by Sacred Name groups have been honest and reverent attempts to accurately pronounce Messiah's given human name.  We have no criticism for anyone who uses these renderings and pronunciations.  However, none of those renderings accurately vocalize the Hebrew name [vwhy

The Pronunciation of the Messiah's Name

In order to properly pronounce the Hebrew name of the Messiah, we must return to the Hebrew spelling and look at similar names and how they are pronounced.  The Hebrew manuscripts record the name of Joshua some 144 times in the Tanak (Old Testament).  This name is spelled by the letters [vwhy which are the letters called yuhd, hay, vav, sheen, ayin.  The name as originally written did not have vowel points. The vowel points were added by the rabbis around the tenth century of the common era to aid in remembering how they pronounce the Hebrew.  The rabbis pronounced this name as "Yehoshua" and so gave the vowel points for this pronunciation so that in today's Masoretic Hebrew text it appears as [;vuAhy>  

But the rabbis' pronunciation is not inspired.  Just as it is a commonly accepted assumption that the rabbis intentionally scrambled the vowel points under the name of Elohim hwhy (Yahuwah) in order to conceal its proper vocalization, it is also likely that to continue to hide the correct pronunciation of hwhy (Yahuwah), the rabbis intentionally mispronounced [vwhy and therefore gave this name the wrong vowel points to propagate this misvocalization. 

The reasons the rabbis would not pronounce Joshua's name correctly may be twofold:  First, they didn't want to pronounce the first three letters of hwhy (Yahuwah) which occur in the Hebrew name Joshua.  And secondly, because the Messiah was given this name, the rabbis would not pronounce it correctly, because they did not want to dignify his claim that he is equal with Elohim.

The actual pronunciation is ascertained by considering several other Hebrew names in the Scriptures, the vocalization of which is not disputed.  First, the poetic shortened form of hwhy (Yahuwah) is seen numerous times in the Psalms in the expression Hy"" Wll.h; ("hallelu Yah"), which means praise YahHy"" is the first syllable in the name of hwhy and is correctly pronounced in the Hebrew Psalms as "Yah."  (The dot in the letter H ["hey"] suggests that the "h" sound is to be fully pronounced rather than to be diminished or faded in vocalization - which would be the case otherwise.  Normally an "h" at the end of a word fades and becomes virtually silent.  Thus, the "h" is Yah is to be fully pronounced.)

Additionally, there are Hebrew names which use the first three letters of the name hwhy - namely why.  Yeshayahu Why"[.v;(y> (Isaiah in Isaiah 1:1), Yirmyahu Why"m.r>yI (Jeremiah in Jer 1:1) and Eliyahu WhY""liae (Elijah in 1 Kings 17:1) all attest to the correct pronunciation of the first three letters of the Name.  In each of these three names, the last three letters why are pronounced "Yahu."  The rabbis pronounce these same letters in Joshua's name as "Yeho"!  But there is no compelling evidence or reason why Yahu should be vocalized differently merely because it occurs at the beginning of the Messiah's name.  Thus, instead of the rabbinic pronunciation "Yeho," we should render the first part of Elohim's name hwhy and the first part of Messiah's human name [vwhy  as "Yahu."

The final part of Messiah's Hebrew name is traditionally rendered "shua", but this too is incorrect. The "oo" (u) part of this is the pronouncing of the rabbinic vowel point between the sheen and the ayin.  The vowel points were not part of the original spelling of the Hebrew.  These "vowels" were added by the rabbis more than a millennium after the Scriptures were written.  So, if we remove this uninspired rabbinic vowel pointing and pronounce only the original inspired spelling of this name, we should be pronouncing this last part of his name as "sha."

The reason for this is twofold.  First, we note that the names for the prophets Yesha-yahu Why"[.v;(y> (Isaiah in Isaiah 1:1) and Elisha [v'ylia/- (Elisha in 1 Kings 19:16) both affirm that "sheen" followed by "ayin" is correctly pronounced "sha."  Yeshayahu has the same meaning as [vwhy .  Yeshayahu means "he saves, (that is) Yahu", while [vwhy means "Yahu saves."  Elisha' has the meaning, "My El saves."

Secondly, if the name had the "shua" vowel point and rendering, the meaning of the name would be "Yahu is opulent."  And we are certain that he is not!  The Hebrew word [;Wv (shua) has two distinct meanings.  The first is "cry for help, scream"  And the second is "opulence, wealth, rich, affluent."  Certainly, the "shua" ending on Messiah's name is not possible, else his name would mean, "Yahu is crying for help" or "Yahu is affluent"!

The Hebrew root from which the name comes is  [v;yO: [v;y' ("yesha" or "yasha").  This word means "help, deliverance, salvation."  The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament says our word "yesha" means  1. to receive help;  2. to be victorious; or 3. to accept help.  The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament attests that the meaning of our word "yesha" is to "be saved, be delivered (Niphal); save, deliver, give victory, help; be safe; take vengeance, preserve (Hiphil).  Clearly, this fits the Messiah's name which was given because he was to "save his people from their sins."  The [v  ending of the word "yesha" clearly has the "sha" vocalization.  Thus, Messiah's name has the same vocalization since it was taken from the root word, "yesha" - to save.

Putting it all together, we take the "Yahu" which is demonstrated to be the common pronunciation of "yud, hay, vav" and the "sha" which is the common pronunciation of "sheen, ayin" and we arrive at Yahusha.  Thus the Messiah's correctly spelled and pronounced name is not "Yehoshua" nor "Yahushua" nor "Yahshua" but rather, Yahusha, which translated means, "Yahu saves."

Conclusion

When calling upon the name which is above every name, I'm certain that we want to be calling upon the correct name.  There are many other names which make claim to be great.  Let's not make the mistake of calling upon our Messiah in the wrong name.  If we call upon a name which is the name of a false deity, we can't be sure of what response we might get.  Nor could we be sure of who is responding.

The Messiah of Scripture has a real name.  It is not Jesus.  His real name, the name which we should be pronouncing with our lips, is the name Yahusha.  When you call upon the name of the Messiah, be sure to use his real name.  Yahusha is his name.

END